(the mother of the faithful believers) The commencement of the Divine Inspiration to
Allah's Apostle was in the form of good dreams which came true like bright day light, and
then the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go in seclusion in the cave
of Hira where he used to worship (Allah alone) continuously for many days before his
desire to see his family. He used to take with him the journey food for the stay and then
come back to (his wife) Khadija to take his food like-wise again till suddenly the Truth
descended upon him while he was in the cave of Hira. The angel came to him and asked him
to read. The Prophet replied, "I do not know how to read.
The Prophet added, "The angel caught me (forcefully) and pressed me so hard that I
could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read and I replied,
'I do not know how to read.' Thereupon he caught me again and pressed me a second time
till I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read but
again I replied, 'I do not know how to read (or what shall I read)?' Thereupon he caught
me for the third time and pressed me, and then released me and said, 'Read in the name of
your Lord, who has created (all that exists) has created man from a clot. Read! And your
Lord is the Most Generous." (96.1, 96.2, 96.3) Then Allah's Apostle returned with the
Inspiration and with his heart beating severely. Then he went to Khadija bint Khuwailid
and said, "Cover me! Cover me!" They covered him till his fear was over and
after that he told her everything that had happened and said, "I fear that something
may happen to me." Khadija replied, "Never! By Allah, Allah will never disgrace
you. You keep good relations with your Kith and kin, help the poor and the destitute,
serve your guests generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones."
Khadija then accompanied him to her cousin Waraqa bin Naufal bin Asad bin 'Abdul 'Uzza,
who, during the PreIslamic Period became a Christian and used to write the writing with
Hebrew letters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as Allah wished him to
write. He was an old man and had lost his eyesight. Khadija said to Waraqa, "Listen
to the story of your nephew, O my cousin!" Waraqa asked, "O my nephew! What have
you seen?" Allah's Apostle described whatever he had seen. Waraqa said, "This is
the same one who keeps the secrets (angel Gabriel) whom Allah had sent to Moses. I wish I
were young and could live up to the time when your people would turn you out."
Allah's Apostle asked, "Will they drive me out?" Waraqa replied in the
affirmative and said, "Anyone (man) who came with something similar to what you have
brought was treated with hostility; and if I should remain alive till the day when you
will be turned out then I would support you strongly." But after a few days Waraqa
died and the Divine Inspiration was also paused for a while.
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah Al-Ansari while talking about the period of pause in
revelation reporting the speech of the Prophet "While I was walking, all of a sudden
I heard a voice from the sky. I looked up and saw the same angel who had visited me at the
cave of Hira' sitting on a chair between the sky and the earth. I got afraid of him and
came back home and said, 'Wrap me (in blankets).' And then Allah revealed the following
Holy Verses (of Quran):
'O you (i.e. Muhammad)! wrapped up in garments!' Arise and warn (the people against
Allah's Punishment),... up to 'and desert the idols.' (74.1-5) After this the revelation
started coming strongly, frequently and regularly."
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas:
Abu Sufyan bin Harb informed me that Heraclius had sent a messenger to him while he had
been accompanying a caravan from Quraish. They were merchants doing business in Sham
(Syria, Palestine, Lebanon and Jordan), at the time when Allah's Apostle had truce with
Abu Sufyan and Quraish infidels. So Abu Sufyan and his companions went to Heraclius at
Ilya (Jerusalem). Heraclius called them in the court and he had all the senior Roman
dignitaries around him. He called for his translator who, translating Heraclius's question
said to them, "Who amongst you is closely related to that man who claims to be a
Prophet?" Abu Sufyan replied, "I am the nearest relative to him (amongst the
Heraclius said, "Bring him (Abu Sufyan) close to me and make his companions stand
behind him." Abu Sufyan added, Heraclius told his translator to tell my companions
that he wanted to put some questions to me regarding that man (The Prophet) and that if I
told a lie they (my companions) should contradict me." Abu Sufyan added, "By
Allah! Had I not been afraid of my companions labeling me a liar, I would not have spoken
the truth about the Prophet. The first question he asked me about him was:
'What is his family status amongst you?'
I replied, 'He belongs to a good (noble) family amongst us.'
Heraclius further asked, 'Has anybody amongst you ever claimed the same (i.e. to be a
Prophet) before him?'
I replied, 'No.'
He said, 'Was anybody amongst his ancestors a king?'
I replied, 'No.'
Heraclius asked, 'Do the nobles or the poor follow him?'
I replied, 'It is the poor who follow him.'
He said, 'Are his followers increasing decreasing (day by day)?'
I replied, 'They are increasing.'
He then asked, 'Does anybody amongst those who embrace his religion become displeased
and renounce the religion afterwards?'
I replied, 'No.'
Heraclius said, 'Have you ever accused him of telling lies before his claim (to be a
I replied, 'No. '
Heraclius said, 'Does he break his promises?'
I replied, 'No. We are at truce with him but we do not know what he will do in it.' I
could not find opportunity to say anything against him except that.
Heraclius asked, 'Have you ever had a war with him?'
I replied, 'Yes.'
Then he said, 'What was the outcome of the battles?'
I replied, 'Sometimes he was victorious and sometimes we.'
Heraclius said, 'What does he order you to do?'
I said, 'He tells us to worship Allah and Allah alone and not to worship anything along
with Him, and to renounce all that our ancestors had said. He orders us to pray, to speak
the truth, to be chaste and to keep good relations with our Kith and kin.'
Heraclius asked the translator to convey to me the following, I asked you about his
family and your reply was that he belonged to a very noble family. In fact all the
Apostles come from noble families amongst their respective peoples. I questioned you
whether anybody else amongst you claimed such a thing, your reply was in the negative. If
the answer had been in the affirmative, I would have thought that this man was following
the previous man's statement. Then I asked you whether anyone of his ancestors was a king.
Your reply was in the negative, and if it had been in the affirmative, I would have
thought that this man wanted to take back his ancestral kingdom.
I further asked whether he was ever accused of telling lies before he said what he
said, and your reply was in the negative. So I wondered how a person who does not tell a
lie about others could ever tell a lie about Allah. I, then asked you whether the rich
people followed him or the poor. You replied that it was the poor who followed him. And in
fact all the Apostle have been followed by this very class of people. Then I asked you
whether his followers were increasing or decreasing. You replied that they were
increasing, and in fact this is the way of true faith, till it is complete in all
respects. I further asked you whether there was anybody, who, after embracing his
religion, became displeased and discarded his religion. Your reply was in the negative,
and in fact this is (the sign of) true faith, when its delight enters the hearts and mixes
with them completely. I asked you whether he had ever betrayed. You replied in the
negative and likewise the Apostles never betray. Then I asked you what he ordered you to
do. You replied that he ordered you to worship Allah and Allah alone and not to worship
any thing along with Him and forbade you to worship idols and ordered you to pray, to
speak the truth and to be chaste. If what you have said is true, he will very soon occupy
this place underneath my feet and I knew it (from the scriptures) that he was going to
appear but I did not know that he would be from you, and if I could reach him definitely,
I would go immediately to meet him and if I were with him, I would certainly wash his
feet.' Heraclius then asked for the letter addressed by Allah's Apostle
which was delivered by Dihya to the Governor of Busra, who forwarded it to Heraclius to
read. The contents of the letter were as follows: "In the name of Allah the
Beneficent, the Merciful (This letter is) from Muhammad the slave of Allah and His Apostle
to Heraclius the ruler of Byzantine. Peace be upon him, who follows the right path.
Furthermore I invite you to Islam, and if you become a Muslim you will be safe, and Allah
will double your reward, and if you reject this invitation of Islam you will be committing
a sin by misguiding your Arisiyin (peasants). (And I recite to you Allah's Statement:)
'O people of the scripture! Come to a word common to you and us that we worship none
but Allah and that we associate nothing in worship with Him, and that none of us shall
take others as Lords beside Allah. Then, if they turn away, say: Bear witness that we are
Muslims (those who have surrendered to Allah).' (3:64).
Abu Sufyan then added, "When Heraclius had finished his speech and had read the
letter, there was a great hue and cry in the Royal Court. So we were turned out of the
court. I told my companions that the question of Ibn-Abi-Kabsha) (the Prophet Muhammad)
has become so prominent that even the King of Bani Al-Asfar (Byzantine) is afraid of him.
Then I started to become sure that he (the Prophet) would be the conqueror in the near
future till I embraced Islam (i.e. Allah guided me to it)."
The sub narrator adds, "Ibn An-Natur was the Governor of llya' (Jerusalem) and
Heraclius was the head of the Christians of Sham. Ibn An-Natur narrates that once while
Heraclius was visiting ilya' (Jerusalem), he got up in the morning with a sad mood. Some
of his priests asked him why he was in that mood? Heraclius was a foreteller and an
astrologer. He replied, 'At night when I looked at the stars, I saw that the leader of
those who practice circumcision had appeared (become the conqueror). Who are they who
practice circumcision?' The people replied, 'Except the Jews nobody practices
circumcision, so you should not be afraid of them (Jews).
'Just Issue orders to kill every Jew present in the country.'
While they were discussing it, a messenger sent by the king of Ghassan to convey the
news of Allah's Apostle to Heraclius was brought in. Having heard the news, he (Heraclius)
ordered the people to go and see whether the messenger of Ghassan was circumcised. The
people, after seeing him, told Heraclius that he was circumcised. Heraclius then asked him
about the Arabs. The messenger replied, 'Arabs also practice circumcision.'
(After hearing that) Heraclius remarked that sovereignty of the 'Arabs had appeared.
Heraclius then wrote a letter to his friend in Rome who was as good as Heraclius in
knowledge. Heraclius then left for Homs. (a town in Syrian and stayed there till he
received the reply of his letter from his friend who agreed with him in his opinion about
the emergence of the Prophet and the fact that he was a Prophet. On that Heraclius invited
all the heads of the Byzantines to assemble in his palace at Homs. When they assembled, he
ordered that all the doors of his palace be closed. Then he came out and said, 'O
Byzantines! If success is your desire and if you seek right guidance and want your empire
to remain then give a pledge of allegiance to this Prophet (i.e. embrace Islam).'
(On hearing the views of Heraclius) the people ran towards the gates of the palace like
onagers but found the doors closed. Heraclius realized their hatred towards Islam and when
he lost the hope of their embracing Islam, he ordered that they should be brought back in
(When they returned) he said, 'What already said was just to test the strength of your
conviction and I have seen it.' The people prostrated before him and became pleased with
him, and this was the end of Heraclius's story (in connection with his faith).