The Two Festivals (Eids)
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 69:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Umar:
Umar bought a silk cloak from the market, took it to Allah's Apostle and said, "O
Allah's Apostle! Take it and adorn yourself with it during the 'Id and when the
delegations visit you." Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) replied, "This dress is for
those who have no share (in the Hereafter)." After a long period Allah's Apostle
(p.b.u.h) sent to Umar a cloak of silk brocade. Umar came to Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h)
with the cloak and said, "O Allah's Apostle! You said that this dress was for those
who had no share (in the Hereafter); yet you have sent me this cloak." Allah's
Apostle said to him, "Sell it and fulfill your needs by it."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 70:
Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) came to my house while two girls were singing beside me the
songs of Buath (a story about the war between the two tribes of the Ansar, the Khazraj and
the Aus, before Islam). The Prophet (p.b.u.h) lay down and turned his face to the other
side. Then Abu Bakr came and spoke to me harshly saying, "Musical instruments of
Satan near the Prophet (p.b.u.h) ?" Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) turned his face towards
him and said, "Leave them." When Abu Bakr became inattentive, I signalled to
those girls to go out and they left. It was the day of 'Id, and the Black people were
playing with shields and spears; so either I requested the Prophet (p.b.u.h) or he asked
me whether I would like to see the display. I replied in the affirmative. Then the Prophet
(p.b.u.h) made me stand behind him and my cheek was touching his cheek and he was saying,
"Carry on! O Bani Arfida," till I got tired. The Prophet (p.b.u.h) asked me,
"Are you satisfied (Is that sufficient for you)?" I replied in the affirmative
and he told me to leave.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 71:
I heard the Prophet (p.b.u.h) delivering a Khutba saying, "The first thing to be
done on this day (first day of 'Id ul Adha) is to pray; and after returning from the
prayer we slaughter our sacrifices (in the name of Allah) and whoever does so, he acted
according to our Sunna (traditions)."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 72:
Abu Bakr came to my house while two small Ansari girls were singing beside me the
stories of the Ansar concerning the Day of Buath. And they were not singers. Abu Bakr said
protestingly, "Musical instruments of Satan in the house of Allah's Apostle !"
It happened on the 'Id day and Allah's Apostle said, "O Abu Bakr! There is an 'Id for
every nation and this is our 'Id."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 73:
Narrated Anas bin Malik,:
Allah's Apostle never proceeded (for the prayer) on the Day of 'Id-ul-Fitr unless he
had eaten some dates. Anas also narrated: The Prophet used to eat odd number of dates.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 74:
The Prophet said, "Whoever slaughtered (his sacrifice) before the 'Id prayer,
should slaughter again." A man stood up and said, "This is the day on which one
has desire for meat," and he mentioned something about his neighbors. It seemed that
the Prophet I believed him. Then the same man added, "I have a young she-goat which
is dearer to me than the meat of two sheep." The Prophet permitted him to slaughter
it as a sacrifice. I do not know whether that permission was valid only for him or for
others as well.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 75:
Narrated Al-Bara' bin 'Azib:
The Prophet delivered the Khutba after offering the prayer on the Day of Nahr and said,
"Whoever offers the prayer like us and slaughters like us then his Nusuk (sacrifice)
will be accepted by Allah. And whoever slaughters his sacrifice before the 'Id prayer then
he has not done the sacrifice." Abi Burda bin Niyar, the uncle of Al-Bara' said,
"O Allah's Apostle! I have slaughtered my sheep before the 'Id prayer and I thought
today as a day of eating and drinking (not alcoholic drinks), and I liked that my sheep
should be the first to be slaughtered in my house. So slaughtered my sheep and took my
food before coming for the prayer." The Prophet said, "The sheep which you have
slaughtered is just mutton (not a Nusuk)." He (Abu Burda) said, "O Allah's
Apostle! I have a young she-goat which is dearer to me than two sheep. Will that be
sufficient as a Nusuk on my behalf? "The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Yes, it will
be sufficient for you but it will not be sufficient (as a Nusuk) for anyone else after
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 76:
Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri:
The Prophet used to proceed to the Musalla on the days of Id-ul-Fitr and Id-ul-Adha;
the first thing to begin with was the prayer and after that he would stand in front of the
people and the people would keep sitting in their rows. Then he would preach to them,
advise them and give them orders, (i.e. Khutba). And after that if he wished to send an
army for an expedition, he would do so; or if he wanted to give and order, he would do so,
and then depart. The people followed this tradition till I went out with Marwan, the
Governor of Medina, for the prayer of Id-ul-Adha or Id-ul-Fitr.
When we reached the Musalla, there was a pulpit made by Kathir bin As-Salt. Marwan
wanted to get up on that pulpit before the prayer. I got hold of his clothes but he pulled
them and ascended the pulpit and delivered the Khutba before the prayer. I said to him,
"By Allah, you have changed (the Prophet's tradition)." He replied, "O Abu
Sa'id! Gone is that which you know." I said, "By Allah! What I know is better
than what I do not know." Marwan said, "People do not sit to listen to our
Khutba after the prayer, so I delivered the Khutba before the prayer."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 77:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Umar:
Allah's Apostle used to offer the prayer of 'Id-ul-Adha and 'Id-ul-Fitr and then
deliver the Khutba after the prayer.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 78:
Narrated Ibn Juraij:
'Ata' said, "Jabir bin 'Abdullah said, 'The Prophet went out on the Day of
'Id-ul-Fitr and offered the prayer before delivering the Khutba, Ata told me that during
the early days of IbnAz-Zubair, Ibn Abbas had sent a message to him telling him that the
Adhan for the 'Id Prayer was never pronounced (in the life time of Allah's Apostle) and
the Khutba used to be delivered after the prayer. Ata told me that Ibn Abbas and Jabir bin
'Abdullah, had said, ú- where was no Adhan for the prayer of '7d-ul-Fitr and
'Id-ul-Aqha." 'At a' said, "I heard Jabir bin 'Abdullah saying, 'The Prophet
stood up and started with the prayer, and after it he delivered the Khutba. When the
Prophet of Allah (p.b.u.h) finished (the Khutba), he went to the women and preached to
them, while he was leaning on Bilal's hand. Bilal was spreading his garment and the ladies
were putting alms in it.' " I said to Ata, "Do you think it incumbent upon an
Imam to go to the women and preach to them after finishing the prayer and Khutba?"
'Ata' said, "No doubt it is incumbent on Imams to do so, and why should they not do
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 79:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
I offered the 'Id prayer with Allah's Apostle, Abu Bakr, Umar and 'Uthman and all of
them offered the prayer before delivering the Khutba.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 80:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
Allah's Apostle, Abu Bakr and Umar! used to offer the two 'Id prayers before delivering
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 81:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet offered a two Rakat prayer on the Day of Id ul Fitr and he did not pray
before or after it. Then he went towards women along with Bilal and ordered them to pay
alms and so they started giving their earrings and necklaces (in charity).
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 82:
Narrated Al-Bara' bin 'Azib:
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "The first thing that we should do on this day of ours
is to pray and then return to slaughter the sacrifice. So anyone who does so, he acted
according to our Sunna (tradition), and whoever slaughtered the sacrifice before the
prayer, it was just meat which he presented to his family and would not be considered as
Nusuk." A person from the Ansar named Abu Burda bin Niyyar said, "O Allah's
Apostle! I slaughtered the Nusuk (before the prayer) but I have a young she-goat which is
better than an older sheep." The Prophet I said, "Sacrifice it in lieu of the
first, but it will be not sufficient (as a sacrifice) for anybody else after you."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 83:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
I was with Ibn Umar when a spear head pierced the sole of his foot and his foot stuck
to the paddle of the saddle and I got down and pulled his foot out, and that happened in
Mina. Al-Hajjaj got the news and came to enquire about his health and said, "Alas! If
we could only know the man who wounded you!" Ibn Umar said, "You are the one who
wounded me." Al-Hajjaj said, "How is that?" Ibn Umar said, "You have
allowed the arms to be carried on a day on which nobody used to carry them and you allowed
arms to be carried in the Haram even though it was not allowed before."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 84:
Narrated Said bin 'Amr bin Said bin Al-'Aas:
Al-Hajjaj went to Ibn Umar while I was present there. Al-Hajjaj asked Ibn Umar,
"How are you?" Ibn Umar replied, "I am all right," Al-Hajjaj asked,
"Who wounded you?" Ibn Umar replied, "The person who allowed arms to be
carried on the day on which it was forbidden to carry them (he meant Al-Hajjaj)"
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 85:
The Prophet delivered the Khutba on the day of Nahr ('Id-ul-Adha) and said, "The
first thing we should do on this day of ours is to pray and then return and slaughter (our
sacrifices). So anyone who does so he acted according to our Sunna; and whoever
slaughtered before the prayer then it was just meat that he offered to his family and
would not be considered as a sacrifice in any way. My uncle Abu Burda bin Niyyar got up
and said, "O, Allah's Apostle! I slaughtered the sacrifice before the prayer but I
have a young she-goat which is better than an older sheep." The Prophet said,
"Slaughter it in lieu of the first and such a goat will not be considered as a
sacrifice for anybody else after you."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 86:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet said, "No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on
these (first ten days of Dhul Hijja)." Then some companions of the Prophet said,
"Not even Jihad?" He replied, "Not even Jihad, except that of a man who
does it by putting himself and his property in danger (for Allah's sake) and does not
return with any of those things."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 87:
Narrated Muhammad bin Abi Bakr Al-Thaqafi:
While we were going from Mina to 'Arafat, I asked Anas bin Malik, about Talbiya,
"How did you use to say Talbiya in the company of the Prophet?" Anas said:
"People used to say Talbiya and their saying was not objected to and they used to say
Takbir and that was not objected to either. "
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 88:
Narrated Um 'Atiya:
We used to be ordered to come out on the Day of 'Id and even bring out the virgin girls
from their houses and menstruating women so that they might stand behind the men and say
Takbir along with them and invoke Allah along with them and hope for the blessings of that
day and for purification from sins.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 89:
Narrated Ibn Umar: On the day of 'Id-ul-Fitr and 'Id-ul-Adha a spear used to be planted
in front of the Prophet I (as a Sutra for the prayer) and then he would pray.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 90:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
The Prophet used to proceed to the Musalla and an 'Anaza used to be carried before him
and planted in the Musalla in front of him and he would pray facing it (as a Sutra).
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 91:
Um 'Atiyya said: "Our Prophet ordered us to come out (on 'Id day) with the mature
girls and the virgins staying in seclusion." Hafsa narrated the above mentioned
Hadith and added, "The mature girls or virgins staying in seclusion but the
menstruating women had to keep away from the Musalla."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 92:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
I (in my boyhood) went out with the Prophet on the day of 'Id ul Fitr or Id-ul-Adha.
The Prophet prayed and then delivered the Khutba and then went towards the women, preached
and advised them and ordered them to give alms.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 93:
The Prophet went towards Al-Baqi (the grave-yard at Medina) on the day of Id-ul-Adha
and offered a two-Rakat prayer (of 'Id-ul-Adha) and then faced us and said, "On this
day of ours, our first act of worship is the offering of prayer and then we will return
and slaughter the sacrifice, and whoever does this concords with our Sunna; and whoever
slaughtered his sacrifice before that (i.e. before the prayer) then that was a thing which
he prepared earlier for his family and it would not be considered as a Nusuk
(sacrifice.)" A man stood up and said, "O, Allah's Apostle! I slaughtered (the
animal before the prayer) but I have a young she-goat which is better than an older
sheep." The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said to him, "Slaughter it. But a similar
sacrifice will not be sufficient for anybody else after you."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 94:
Narrated 'Abdur Rahman bin 'Abis:
Ibn Abbas was asked whether he had joined the Prophet in the 'Id prayer. He said,
"Yes. And I could not have joined him had I not been young. (The Prophet came out)
till he reached the mark which was near the house of Kathir bin As-Salt, offered the
prayer, delivered the Khutba and then went towards the women. Bilal was accompanying him.
He preached to them and advised them and ordered them to give alms. I saw the women
putting their ornaments with their outstretched hands into Bilal's garment. Then the
Prophet along with Bilal returned home.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 95:
Narrated Ibn Juraij:
'Ata' told me that he had heard Jabir bin 'Abdullah saying, "The Prophet stood up
to offer the prayer of the 'Id ul Fitr. He first offered the prayer and then delivered the
Khutba. After finishing it he got down (from the pulpit) and went towards the women and
advised them while he was leaning on Bilal's hand. Bilal was spreading out his garment
where the women were putting their alms." I asked 'Ata' whether it was the Zakat of
'Id ul Fitr. He said, "No, it was just alms given at that time. Some lady put her
finger ring and the others would do the same." I said, (to 'Ata'), "Do you think
that it is incumbent upon the Imam to give advice to the women (on 'Id day)?" He
said, "No doubt, it is incumbent upon the Imams to do so and why should they not do
so?" Al-Hasan bin Muslim told me that Ibn Abbas had said, "I join the Prophet,
Abu Bakr, Umar and 'Uthman in the 'Id ul Fitr prayers. They used to offer the prayer
before the Khutba and then they used to deliver the Khutba afterwards. Once the Prophet I
came out (for the 'Id prayer) as if I were just observing him waving to the people to sit
down. He, then accompanied by Bilal, came crossing the rows till he reached the women. He
recited the following verse: 'O Prophet! When the believing women come to you to take the
oath of fealty to you . . . (to the end of the verse) (60.12).' After finishing the
recitation he said, "O ladies! Are you fulfilling your covenant?" None except
one woman said, "Yes." Hasan did not know who was that woman. The Prophet said,
"Then give alms." Bilal spread his garment and said, "Keep on giving alms.
Let my father and mother sacrifice their lives for you (ladies)." So the ladies kept
on putting their Fatkhs (big rings) and other kinds of rings in Bilal's garment."
Abdur-Razaq said, " 'Fatkhs' is a big ring which used to be worn in the (Pre-lslamic)
period of ignorance.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 96:
Hafsa bint Sirin said, "On Id we used to forbid our girls to go out for 'Id
prayer. A lady came and stayed at the palace of Bani Khalaf and I went to her. She said,
'The husband of my sister took part in twelve holy battles along with the Prophet and my
sister was with her husband in six of them. My sister said that they used to nurse the
sick and treat the wounded. Once she asked, 'O Allah's Apostle! If a woman has no veil, is
there any harm if she does not come out (on 'Id day)?' The Prophet said, 'Her companion
should let her share her veil with her, and the women should participate in the good deeds
and in the religious gatherings of the believers.' " Hafsa added, "When
Um-'Atiya came, I went to her and asked her, 'Did you hear anything about so-and-so?'
Um-'Atlya said, 'Yes, let my father be sacrificed for the Prophet (p.b.u.h). (And whenever
she mentioned the name of the Prophet she always used to say, 'Let my father be'
sacrificed for him). He said, 'Virgin mature girls staying often screened (or said,
'Mature girls and virgins staying often screened--Aiyub is not sure as which was right)
and menstruating women should come out (on the 'Id day). But the menstruating women should
keep away from the Musalla. And all the women should participate in the good deeds and in
the religious gatherings of the believers'." Hafsa said, "On that I said to
Um-'Atiya, 'Also those who are menstruating?' " Um-'Atiya replied, "Yes. Do they
not present themselves at 'Arafat and elsewhere?".
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 97:
We were ordered to go out (for 'Id) and also to take along with us the menstruating
women, mature girls and virgins staying in seclusion. (Ibn 'Aun said, "Or mature
virgins staying in seclusion)." The menstruating women could present themselves at
the religious gathering and invocation of Muslims but should keep away from their Musalla.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 98:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) used to Nahr or slaughter sacrifices at the Musalla (on
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 99:
Narrated Al-Bara' bin 'Azib:
On the day of Nahr Allah's Apostle delivered the Khutba after the 'Id prayer and said,
"Anyone who prayed like us and slaughtered the sacrifice like we did then he acted
according to our (Nusuk) tradition of sacrificing, and whoever slaughtered the sacrifice
before the prayer, then that was just mutton (i.e. not sacrifice)." Abu Burda bin
Naiyar stood up and said, "O Allah's Apostle! By Allah, I slaughtered my sacrifice
before I offered the (Id) prayer and thought that today was the day of eating and drinking
(non-alcoholic drinks) and so I made haste (in slaughtering) and ate and also fed my
family and neighbors." Allah's Apostle said, "That was just mutton (not a
sacrifice)." Then Abu Burda said, "I have a young she-goat and no doubt, it is
better than two sheep. Will that be sufficient as a sacrifice for me?" The Prophet
replied, "Yes. But it will not be sufficient for anyone else (as a sacrifice), after
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 100:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah's Apostle .~ offered the prayer on the day of Nahr and then delivered the Khutba
and ordered that whoever had slaughtered his sacrifice before the prayer should repeat it,
that is, should slaughter another sacrifice. Then a person from the Ansar stood up and
said, "O Allah's Apostle! because of my neighbors (he described them as being very
needy or poor) I slaughtered before the prayer. I have a young she-goat which, in my
opinion, is better than two sheep." The Prophet gave him the permission for
slaughtering it as a sacrifice.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 101:
On the day of Nahr the Prophet offered the prayer and delivered the Khutba and then
slaughtered the sacrifice and said, "Anybody who slaughtered (his sacrifice) before
the prayer should slaughter another animal in lieu of it, and the one who has not yet
slaughtered should slaughter the sacrifice mentioning Allah's name on it."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 102:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
On the Day of 'Id the Prophet used to return (after offering the 'Id prayer) through a
way different from that by which he went.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 103:
Narrated 'Urwa on the authority of 'Aisha:
On the days of Mina, (11th, 12th, and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah) Abu Bakr came to her while
two young girls were beating the tambourine and the Prophet was lying covered with his
clothes. Abu Bakr scolded them and the Prophet uncovered his face and said to Abu Bakr,
"Leave them, for these days are the days of 'Id and the days of Mina." 'Aisha
further said, "Once the Prophet was screening me and I was watching the display of
black slaves in the Mosque and ('Umar) scolded them. The Prophet said, 'Leave them. O Bani
Arfida! (carry on), you are safe (protected)'."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 104:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet went out and offered a two Rakat prayer on the Day of 'Id ul Fitr and did
not offer any other prayer before or after it and at that time Bilal was accompanying him.