Minor Pilgrammage (Umra)
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 1:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "(The performance of) 'Umra is an expiation for the sins
committed (between it and the previous one). And the reward of Hajj Mabrur (the one
accepted by Allah) is nothing except Paradise."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 2:
Narrated Ibn Juraij:
Ikrima bin Khalid asked Ibn 'Umar about performing 'Umra before Hajj. Ibn 'Umar
replied, "There is no harm in it." 'Ikrima said, "Ibn 'Umar also said, 'The
Prophet had performed 'Umra before performing Hajj.'"
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 3:
Narrated 'Ikrima bin Khalid:
"I asked Ibn 'Umar the same (as above)."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 4:
Ursa bin AzZubair and I entered the Mosque (of the Prophet) and saw 'Abdullah bin Umar
sitting near the dwelling place of Aisha and some people were offering the Duha prayer. We
asked him about their prayer and he replied that it was a heresy. He (Ursa) then asked him
how many times the Prophet had performed 'Umra. He replied, 'Four times; one of them was
in the month of Rajab." We disliked to contradict him. Then we heard 'Aisha, the
Mother of faithful believers cleaning her teeth with Siwak in the dwelling place. 'Ursa
said, "O Mother! O Mother of the believers! Don't you hear what Abu 'Abdur Rahman is
saying?" She said, "What does he say?" 'Ursa said, "He says that
Allah's Apostle performed four 'Umra and one of them was in the month of Rajab."
'Aisha said, "May Allah be merciful to Abu 'Abdur Rahman! The Prophet did not perform
any 'Umra except that he was with him, and he never performed any 'Umra in Rajab."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 5:
Narrated 'Ursa bin Az-Zubair:
I asked 'Aisha (whether the Prophet had performed 'Umra in Rajab). She replied,
"Allah's Apostle never performed any 'Umra in Rajab."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 6:
I asked Anas how many times the Prophet had performed 'Umra. He replied, "Four
times. 1. 'Umra of Hudaibiya in Dhi-l-Qa'da when the pagans hindered him; 2. 'Umra in the
following year in Dhi-l-Qa'da after the peace treaty with them (the pagans); 3. 'Umra from
Al-Jr'rana where he distributed the war booty." I think he meant the booty (of the
battle) of Hunain. I asked, "How many times did he perform Hajj?" He (Anas)
replied, "Once. "
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 7:
I asked Anas (about the Prophet's 'Umra) and he replied, "The Prophet performed
'Umra when the pagans made him return, and Umra of al-Hudaibiya (the next year), and
another 'Umra in Dhi-l-Qa'da, and another 'Umra in combination with his Hajj."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 8:
The Prophet performed four 'Umra (three) in Dhi-l-Qa'da except the (one) 'Umra which he
performed with his Hajj: His 'Umra from Al-hudaibiya, and the one of the following year,
and the one from Al-Jr'rana where he distributed the booty (of the battle) of Hunain, and
another 'Umra with his Hajj.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 9:
Narrated Abu Ishaq:
I asked Masruq, 'Ata' and Mujahid (about the 'Umra of Allah's Apostle). They said,
"Allah's Apostle had performed 'Umra in Dhi-l-Qa'da before he performed Hajj." I
heard Al-Bara' bin 'Azib saying, "Allah's Apostle had performed 'Umra in Dhi-l-Qa'da
twice before he performed Hajj."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 10:
I heard Ibn 'Abbas saying, "Allah's Apostle asked an Ansari woman (Ibn 'Abbas
named her but 'Ata' forgot her name), 'What prevented you from performing Hajj with us?'
She replied, 'We have a camel and the father of so-and-so and his son (i.e. her husband
and her son) rode it and left one camel for us to use for irrigation.' He said (to her),
'Perform 'Umra when Ramadan comes, for 'Umra in Ramadan is equal to Hajj (in reward),' or
said something similar."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 11:
We set out along with Allah's Apostle shortly before the appearance of the new moon
(crescent) of the month of Dhi-l-Hijja and he said to us, "Whoever wants to assume
Ihram for Hajj may do so; and whoever wants to assume Ihram for 'Umra may do so. Hadn't I
brought the Hadi (animal for sacrificing) (with me), I would have assumed Ihram for
'Umra." ('Aisha added,): So some of us assumed Ihram for 'Umra while the others for
Hajj. I was amongst those who assumed Ihram for 'Umra. The day of 'Arafat approached and I
was still menstruating. I complained to the Prophet (about that) and he said,
"Abandon your 'Umra, undo and comb your hair, and assume Ihram for Hajj;." When
it was the night of Hasba, he sent 'Abdur Rahman with me to At-Tan'im and I assumed Ihram
for 'Umra (and performed it) in lieu of my missed 'Umra.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 12:
Narrated 'Amr bin Aus:
Abdul Rahman bin Abu Bakr told me that the Prophet had ordered him to let 'Aisha ride
behind him and to make he perform 'Umra from At-Tan'im.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 13:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
The Prophet and his companions assumed Ihram for Hajj and none except the Prophet and
Talha had the Hadi with them. 'Ali had come from Yemen and he had the Hadi with him. He
('Ali) said, "I have assumed Ihram with an intention like that of Allah's Apostle has
assumed it." The Prophet ordered his companions to intend the Ihram with which they
had come for 'Umra, to perform the Tawaf of the Ka'ba (and between Safa and Marwa), to get
their hair cut short and then to finish their Ihram with the exception of those who had
the Hadi with them. They asked, "Shall we go to Mina and the private organs of some
of us are dribbling (if we finish Ihram and have sexual relations with our wives)?"
The Prophet heard that and said, "Had I known what I know now, I would not have
brought the Hadi. If I did not have the Hadi with me I would have finished my Ihram."
'Aisha got her menses and performed all the ceremonies (of Hajj) except the Tawaf . So
when she became clean from her menses, and she had performed the Tawaf of the Ka'ba, she
said, "O Allah's Apostle! You (people) are returning with both Hajj and 'Umra and I
am returning only with Hajj!" So, he ordered 'Abdur Rahman bin Abu Bakr to go with
her to At-Tan'im. Thus she performed 'Umra after the Hajj in the month of Dhi-l-Hijja.
Suraqa bin Malik bin Ju'sham met the Prophet at Al-'Aqaba (Jamrat-ul 'Aqaba) while the
latter was stoning it and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Is this permissible only for
you?" The Prophet replied, "No, it is for ever (i.e. it is permissible for all
Muslims to perform 'Umra before Hajj."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 14:
We set out with Allah's Apostle shortly before the appearance of the new moon of
Dhi-l-Hiija and he said, "Whoever wants to assume Ihram for 'Umra may do so, and
whoever wants to assume Ihram for Hajj may do so. Had not I brought the Hadi with me, I
would have assumed Ihram for 'Umra." Some of the people assumed Ihram for 'Umra while
others for Hajj. I was amongst those who had assumed Ihram for 'Umra. I got my menses
before entering Mecca, and was menstruating till the day of 'Arafat. I complained to
Allah's Apostle about it, he said, "Abandon your 'Umra, undo and comb your hair, and
assume Ihram for Hajj." So, I did that accordingly. When it was the night of Hasba
(day of departure from Mina), the Prophet sent 'Abdur Rahman with me to At-Tanim.
The sub-narrator adds: He ('AbdurRahman) let her ride behind him. And she assumed Ihram
for 'Umra in lieu of the abandoned one. Aisha completed her Hajj and 'Umra, and no Hadi,
Sadaqa (charity), or fasting was obligatory for her.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 15:
That 'Aisha said, "O Allah's Apostle! The people are returning after performing
the two Nusuks (i.e. Hajj and 'Umra) but I am returning with one only?" He said,
"Wait till you become clean from your menses and then go to At-Tan'im, assume Ihram
(and after performing 'Umra) join us at such-and-such a place. But it (i.e. the reward if
'Umra) is according to your expenses or the hardship (which you will undergo while
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 16:
We set out assuming the Ihram for Hajj in the months of Hajj towards the sacred
precincts of Hajj. We dismounted at Sarif and the Prophet said to his companions,
"Whoever has not got the Hadi with him and likes to make it as 'Umra, he should do
it, but he who has got the Hadi with him should not do it." The Prophet and some of
his wealthy companions had the Hadi with them, so they did not finish Ihram after
performing the 'Umra. The Prophet came to me while I was weeping. He asked me the reason
for it. I replied, "I have heard of what you have said to your companions and I
cannot do the 'Umra." He asked me, "What is the matter with you?" I
replied, "I am not praying." He said, "There is no harm in it as you are
one of the daughters of Adam and the same is written for you as for others. So, you should
perform Hajj and I hope that Allah will enable you to perform the 'Umra as well." So,
I carried on till we departed from Mina and halted at Al-Mahassab. The Prophet called
'Abdur-Rahman and said, "Go out of the sanctuary with your sister and let her assume
Ihram for 'Umra, and after both of you have finished the Tawaf I will be waiting for you
at this place." We came back at mid-night and the Prophet asked us, "Have you
finished?" I replied in the affirmative. He announced the departure and the people
set out for the journey and some of them had performed the Tawaf of the Ka'ba before the
morning prayer, and after that the Prophet set out for Medina.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 17:
Narrated Safwan bin Ya'la bin Umaiya from his father who said:
"A man came to the Prophet while he was at Ji'rana. The man was wearing a cloak
which had traces of Khaluq or Sufra (a kind of perfume). The man asked (the Prophet ),
'What do you order me to perform in my 'Umra?' So, Allah inspired the Prophet divinely and
he was screened by a place of cloth. I wished to see the Prophet being divinely inspired.
'Umar said to me, 'Come! Will you be pleased to look at the Prophet while Allah is
inspiring him?' I replied in the affirmative. 'Umar lifted one corner of the cloth and I
looked at the Prophet who was snoring. (The sub-narrator thought that he said: The snoring
was like that of a camel). When that state was over, the Prophet asked, "Where is the
questioner who asked about 'Umra? Put off your cloak and wash away the traces of Khaluq
from your body and clean the Sufra (yellow color) and perform in your Umra what you
perform in your Hajj (i.e. the Tawaf round the Ka'ba and the Sa'i between Safa and Marwa).
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 18:
Narrated Hisham Ibn 'Urwa from his father who said:
While I was a youngster, I asked 'Aisha the wife of the Prophet. "What about the
meaning of the Statement of Allah;
"Verily! (the mountains) As-Safa and Al Marwa, are among the symbols of Allah. So,
it is not harmful if those who perform Hajj or 'Umra of the House (Ka'ba at Mecca) to
perform the going (Tawaf) between them? (2.158) I understand (from that) that there is no
harm if somebody does not perform the Tawaf between them." 'Aisha replied, "No,
for if it were as you are saying, then the recitation would have been like this: 'It is
not harmful not to perform Tawaf between them.' This verse was revealed in connection with
the Ansar who used to assume the Ihram for the idol Manat which was put beside a place
called Qudaid and those people thought it not right to perform the Tawaf of As-Safa and
Al-Marwa. When Islam came, they asked Allah's Apostle about that, and Allah revealed:--
"Verily! (the mountains) As-Safa and Al-Marwa Are among the symbols of Allah. So,
it is not harmful of those who perform Hajj or 'Umra of the House (Ka'ba at Mecca) to
perform the going (Tawaf) between them." (2.158) Sufyan and Abu Muawiya added from
Hisham (from 'Aisha): "The Hajj or 'Umra of the person who does not perform the going
(Tawaf) between As-Safa and Al-Marwa is incomplete in Allah's sight.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 19:
Abdullah bin Abu Aufa said: "Allah's Apostle performed 'Umra and we too performed
'Umra along with him. When he entered Mecca he performed the Tawaf (of Ka'ba) and we too
performed it along with him, and then he came to the As-Safa and Al-Marwa (i.e. performed
the Sai) and we also came to them along with him. We were shielding him from the people of
Mecca lest they may hit him with an arrow." A friend of his asked him (i.e. 'Abdullah
bin Aufa), "Did the Prophet enter the Ka'ba (during that 'Umra)?" He replied in
the negative. Then he said, "What did he (the Prophet ) say about Khadija?" He
(Abdullah bin Aufa) said, "(He said) 'Give Khadija the good tidings that she will
have a palace made of Qasab in Paradise and there will be neither noise nor any trouble in
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 20:
Narrated 'Amr bin Dinar:
We asked Ibn 'Umar whether a man who had performed the Tawaf of the Ka'ba but had not
performed the Tawaf between As-Safa and Al-Marwa yet, was permitted to have sexual
relation with his wife. He replied, "The Prophet arrived (at Mecca) and
circumambulated the Ka'ba seven times and then offered a two Rak'at prayer behind
Maqam-lbrahim and then performed the going (Tawaf) between As-Safa and Al-Marwa (seven
times) (and verily, in Allah's Apostle you have a good example." And we asked Jabir
bin 'Abdullah (the same question) and he replied, "He should not go near her till he
has finished the going (Tawaf) between As-Safa and Al-Marwa."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 21:
Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ashari:
I came to the Prophet at Al-Batha' while his camel was kneeling down and he asked me,
"Have you intended to perform the Hajj?" I replied in the affirmative. He asked
me, 'With what intention have you assumed Ihram?" I replied, "I have assumed
Ihram with the same intention as that of the Prophet. He said, "You have done well.
Perform the Tawaf of the Ka'ba and (the Sai) between As-safa and Al-Marwa and then finish
the Ihram." So, I performed the Tawaf around the Ka'ba and the Sai) between As-Safa
and Al-Marwa and then went to a woman of the tribe of Qais who cleaned my head from lice.
Later I assumed the Ihram for Hajj. I used to give the verdict of doing the same till the
caliphate of 'Umar who said, "If you follow the Holy Book then it orders you to
remain in the state of Ihram till you finish from Hajj, if you follow the Prophet then he
did not finish his Ihram till the Hadi (sacrifice) had reached its place of slaughtering
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 22:
Abdullah the slave of Asma bint Abu Bakr, told me that he used to hear Asma', whenever
she passed by Al-Hajun, saying, "May Allah bless His Apostle Muhammad. Once we
dismounted here with him, and at that time we were traveling with light luggage; we had a
few riding animals and a little food ration. I, my sister, 'Aisha, Az-Zubair and such and
such persons performed 'Umra, and when we had passed our hands over the Ka'ba (i.e.
performed Tawaf round the Ka'ba and between As-Safa and Al-Marwa) we finished our lhram.
Later on we assumed Ihram for Hajj the same evening."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 23:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
Whenever Allah's Apostle returned from a Ghazwa, Hajj or 'Umra, he used to say Takbir
thrice at every elevation of the ground and then would say, "None has the right to be
worshipped but Allah; He is One and has no partner. All the kingdoms is for Him, and all
the praises are for Him, and He is Omnipotent. We are returning with repentance,
worshipping, prostrating, and praising our Lord. He has kept up His promise and made His
slave victorious, and He Alone defeated all the clans of (non-believers)."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 24:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
When the Prophet arrived at Mecca, some boys of the tribe of Bani 'Abdul Muttalib went
to receive him, and the Prophet made one of them ride in front of him and the other behind
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 25:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
Whenever Allah's Apostle left for Mecca, he used to pray in the mosque of Ash-Shajra,
and when he returned (to Medina), he used to pray in the middle of the valley of
Dhul-Hulaifa and used to pass the night there till morning.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 26:
Narrated Anas: The Prophet never returned to his family from a journey at night. He
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 27:
Narrated Jabir: The Prophet forbade going to one's family at night (on arrival from a
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 28:
Anas said, "Whenever Allah's Apostle returned from a journey, he, on seeing the
high places of Medina, would make his she-camel proceed faster; and if it were another
animal, even then he used to make it proceed faster."
Narrated Humaid that the Prophet used to make it proceed faster out of his love for
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 29:
As above, but mentioned "the walls of Medina" instead of "the high
places of Medina. Al-Harith bin Umar agrees with Anas.
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 30:
Narrated Abu Ishaq:
I heard Al-Bara' saying, "The above Verse was revealed regarding us, for the Ansar
on returning from Hajj never entered their houses through the proper doors but from
behind. One of the Ansar came and entered through the door and he was taunted for it.
Therefore, the following was revealed: --
"It is not righteousness That you enter the houses from the back, But the
righteous man is He who fears Allah, Obeys His order and keeps away from What He has
forbidden So, enter houses through the proper doors." (2.189)
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 31:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Traveling is a kind of torture as it prevents one from eating,
drinking and sleeping properly. So, when one's needs are fulfilled, one should return
quickly to one's family."
Volume 3, Book 27, Number 32:
Narrated Zaid bin Aslam from his father:
I was with Ibn 'Umar on the way to Mecca, and he got the news that Safiya bint Abu
Ubaid was seriously ill. So, he hastened his pace, and when the twilight disappeared, he
dismounted and offered the Maghrib and 'Isha' prayers together. Then he said, "I saw
that whenever the Prophet had to hasten when traveling, he would delay the Maghrib prayer
and join them together (i.e. offer the Maghrib and the Isha prayers together)."